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|Volume 3 Issue 4, April 2017|
P.S.-IHS Natal is coming quickly! Looking forward to seeing you all there!
Interview of the month: Charles Putnam
Kristina Mascher-Turner: Can you tell us about your early training - when did you first become fascinated with low playing?
Charles Putnam: My early training was similar to most young horn players in the states - high school band and community youth orchestra; I was lucky enough to have great teachers and conductors. I also participated in summer music festivals (Eastern Music Festival was a highlight). My low range growing up was not very strong. Like most young players, I concentrated on playing high horn. I participated in a local horn club in Gainesville, Florida that introduced me to high and low horn playing. Everyone seemed to either want to play the first part or the fourth part. At university, we were always involved in large horn ensembles or quartets. Playing second horn on duets is very important for students in order to learn how to match articulation and intonation with the first player. When I started playing professionally, I played only high horn. It wasn’t until I went to Italy and Germany that I was exposed to playing low horn in an orchestra. I always enjoyed being part of a team, of a horn section that enjoyed playing together. I was involved with other European horn quartets early on so I had plenty of experience playing low horn in horn quartets before joining the AHQ.
KMT: In your daily life as an orchestral player, your position is that of “Wechselhorn” - playing both high and low. How do you keep up your high and low chops at the same time?
CP: All professional horn players, no matter their position, will be required at some point to play high and low. The problem with the “Wechselhorn” position (2nd and 3rd horn) is that there may be times where you have to play third horn on some Strauss or Wagner opera and then the next night, have to play the same piece on second horn. When playing 3rd horn, you need to have a strong high range to support the solo horn player in some passages and play with brilliance in your sound. When playing second horn, you need to be able to support the 4th horn player with solid low notes and a good core sound and volume. It is a tricky balance, and I feel that sometimes one of those two aspects will be compromised. Either you will have a stable and strong high range with an adequate low range or a strong and stable low range with an adequate high range.
I am always looking at my playing schedule in the orchestra to see what pieces are coming up and adjusting my warm-ups to either strengthen my upper range or strengthen my lower range.
KMT: Tell us about the early days with the American Horn Quartet. How were you asked to join, what were some of your earliest projects, when did you realize you were part of something big?
Low Horn - Just 3 Things
Jeff Nelsen talks about low horn playing. Click to play the video.
The Technician – Process – How
In this video “Low Horn – Just 3 Things” Jeff gives you three ideas for each of the above factors of performance. He’s sharing general concepts and approaches to them, through which some discoveries and growth can be found. Experiment freely with these concepts, and contact Jeff through email anytime with your questions. Download the accompanying PDF here.
How to Improve Your Low Register
By Denise Tryon
Very few horn players are naturally gifted in the low register of the instrument, but this doesn’t mean you can’t become a great low horn player!! The question I get asked most often is “how can I improve my low register?”. My first answer is always “try practicing more in the low register”! I am perplexed when people tell me they average 15 - 20 minutes a day practicing in the low register, and then wonder why it isn’t as developed as their upper register. I find most people just don’t practice down there enough - for whatever reason - they’re focused on their upper register, they’re worried it will harm their upper register, they don’t sound as good in the low register so they avoid it (just to name a few). My ideal practice session is completely balanced in all fundamental techniques (high/low, loud/soft, slurred/articulated, etc).
The next best way (besides just increasing your time practicing in the low register) to improve is to do some good blasting down there. Yes, blasting!! Sound a bit ugly in the beginning, it’s ok. It helps your air, face and jaw figure out what they need to do. I still do this every day (some days are better than others)! There are 2 exercises I routinely play. One is from the Farkas book, The Art of French Horn Playing on pages 60 - 61. He calls it his “low horn” exercise. I would rename it the “break range” exercise! If you are able to do this all the way through, quite loud - f or ff - both slurred and articulated, the low range will feel much better! The second is from my own daily routine, and it looks like this (half note = 50 - 60):
I start in this key and go down chromatically. I play this as low as I can play, and don’t sacrifice loudness for breath. If you need a breath in the middle of a slur, stop, take a breath, restart on the same note and go on. Play the slurs as smooth as possible.
Three of my Top Berlin Philharmonic Low Horn Memories (so far!)
by Sarah Willis
In the third round I was asked to play the Shostakovich 5 low excerpt again "this time louder, please". Thank goodness I had practised it louder and still had a bit of forte in reserve!
The first Beethoven 9 with Simon Rattle
My first concert after getting tenure was Beethoven 9 - a no pressure, small concert.... live TV in the Philharmonie! All rather terrifying and funnily enough, I felt more under pressure to play well so as to show my new orchestra they hadn't made a mistake by giving me tenure than I had during the trial! A scary concert. But it went well, and I remember being so grateful at the end of the 3rd movement that Beethoven had written us low horns such a wonderful solo.
Taking over 2nd F Wagner tuba
When Norbert Hauptmann retired, I took over the job of 2nd F tuba. I hadn’t played much Wagner tuba before - one always hears what beasts they are to play...- but from the very first notes on the Berlin Phil Wagner tuba (it had been played in by the late, great Manfred Klier) I absolutely adored it. I love being the bass of a chord and am always happy when I see Bruckner on the schedule. I usually have to do some breathing exercises before... those ends of the 2nd movements need a lot of air!! (And good nerves... unfortunately I never know in advance whether it's going to be a good nerve day or a bad one...but that's life as a horn player, isn't it? :-)
Life on Second Horn
by Yasushi Katsumata
私の子供の頃の将来の夢はプロ野球選手になることだった。当時、日本の偉大なバッターの王貞 治氏が、メジャーリーグのハンク・アーロン氏が持つホームラン世界記録を塗り替えるという偉業 を達成していて、日本中に大フィーバーが巻き起こっていた頃である。5歳の時の私の日記には「僕 は将来、王貞治選手になる！」と書いてある。小学校に入る前から父親と野球の練習を始め、7歳 頃から地元のクラブチームに所属し、小学校での休み時間も含めてひたすら日々の生活の中心は 野球一色だった。来る日も来る日も野球の練習に明け暮れ、それなりに力をつけてきた頃にはチー ムの中でも中心的役割を担うようになっていた。
ある大会での決勝戦、私は序盤にスリーランホームランを放ちながらも途中で逆転され、相手に3 点差をつけられて最終回2アウト満塁で回ってきた打席においても走者一掃のヒットを打って同点 とし、結果的に自分がサヨナラのホームを踏んで逆転優勝となったのである。7対6で勝利したそ の7点のうちの6点を自分のバットで稼いだのだ。その試合の模様は新聞に載り、記事は今でも保 管してある。この時がまさに自分が野球選手として最も輝いていた瞬間であったと思う。それは まるで自分らしくないと言えるほどの活躍ぶりであった。なぜなら、元来自分はそのように脚光 を浴びるタイプではないからである。たくさんの人に褒めていただきながらも、もちろん嬉しさ はあるのだが何となく落ち着かないような気持ちでいた事を覚えている。
守備においては全てのポジションを経験したが、最終的にキャッチャーとしての適性を評価され、 自分でも好んでその位置に定着した。主役として試合を牽引していくピッチャーの調子や心理状態 を推し量り、最適と思われる球種を提案し、それをもって三振に取った時などはとても痛快であっ た。このポジションを通してサポートする喜びを大いに学んだ。
Good & Low
by Audrey Good
I am Audrey Good, second horn of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and fourth horn in the Four Hornsmen of the Apocalypse horn quartet.
Twenty years ago, I was a frustrated piano student who wanted something more…something glorious and shiny that leaks spit onto your favourite pants.
My earliest experience with a live horn was the Champaign-Urbana Symphony Orchestra’s production of Peter and the Wolf. When the hornists stood up at the end and revealed the full glory of their instruments, I fell in love.
How could something so lovely play such an evil character? So dark and haunting…and low.
Despite my newfound conviction that the horn was the key to unlocking my destiny, it took a bit of time to convince my parents that I was serious. A bit of time…and a rubber hose.
I acknowledge now that it’s cruel to families to teach children that by buzzing on a rubber dishwashing hose, they can achieve a somewhat horn-like stretch of the harmonic series. But armed with this demonstration fresh in my mind, I gained access to our own home’s rubber hose and proceeded to wage psychological warfare on my immediate family.
It’s a passing fling, they said? I wouldn’t continue to practice piano if I played the horn, they said?
My zealous dedication to wrapping the beloved hose around my upper body like a moldy sousaphone proved otherwise. Sometimes I marched around the house with it, and other times I sat with the poise of a queen, but I gargled through the available intervals daily.
I think the general consensus in our household became “Nothing could sound worse than this.” (They had never heard a beginner hornist.) On my 10th birthday, I met my first horn—a yellow brass, single f Yamaha. It was the most beautiful thing in the world.
Lifetime Membership rates are increasing on July 1, 2017. Become a Lifetime IHS member now and save, save, save. Lifetime memberships are calculated on a twenty-year basis, so you pay only $750 now – the equivalent of only $37.50 a year for 20 years and after that its FREE! Sign-up online at https://www.hornsociety.org/membership/join (remember to scroll down to find the Life Membership) or login to your existing membership and choose "My Profile" to upgrade to Life Member status.
From The Munsters to the New York Philharmonic
I have played 4th horn professionally in 4 different orchestras for almost 45 years now. I didn't start out meaning to be a low horn player. My horn teachers never steered me in the direction of being a high or low horn player. It just happened that my first successful audition was for a 4th horn position. I believe I was fortunate to have found my niche.
When I was around 12 years old and had been playing for just a couple of years, I was having a horn lesson when all of a sudden my teacher asked me to play the theme from "The Munsters". This was a popular TV show at the time, and I was completely mortified. I had been playing it at school while warming up, and another of my horn teacher's students had heard me and went to my teacher, wanting to know why she wasn't teaching the "The Munsters" to him. I thought I had done something wrong by playing something not assigned, but I guess she was glad to know that I could pick something up on my own.
Playing in the New York Philharmonic horn section is like meeting up with your friends every day and having a great time. I can't believe it's a job. (Don't tell the management). You get to make music with your friends and their wonderful artistry makes your playing better.
Howard Wall has been 4th horn in the NY Phil for 23 years after playing in the Philadelphia Orchestra for almost 19 years. Before this he played 2 years in the Phoenix Symphony and 1 year in the Denver Symphony. He also plays in a duo with his wife former MET concertmaster Elmira Darvarova.
Pedagogy - Takeshi Hidaka
IHS 2017 in Natal, Brazil
We are looking forward to seeing you in Brazil for the 2017 International Horn Symposium, June 26-30! Bookmark the website and return to it often as more information gets added. This is going to be an exciting and packed event. See you there!
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